Jasper Johns: The 100 Monotypes
February 29 – July 19, 2020
Jasper Johns (b. 1930) is one of the leading artists of American Pop art. Well-known for his large-format paintings in bright, vibrant colors, he was also a prolific printmaker, and his graphic work puts the peintre-graveur on a par with Goya and Picasso. On the occasion of his 90th birthday on May 15, 2020, the Museum Barberini will present his most recent series, The 100 Monotypes, originally created with the intention of accompanying his catalogue raisonné (Wildenstein Plattner Institute, 2017).
“Is it a flag, or is it a painting?” This was the question asked by the musician John Cage when Jasper Johns began to move abstract expressionism back to figuration in the 1950s by painting flags, numbers, targets, maps, and letters. Cage alluded to Johns’s blurring of the boundaries between reality and representation. Johns has also repeatedly addressed the dynamics of reproduction by experimenting with collage and repetition.
Since each print is unique, monotypes are more akin to painting than to printmaking. Reworking the same plates many times for The 100 Monotypes, Johns added an etched imprint of his hand and symbols of American Sign Language (ASL), as well as motifs that were important to him, such as string, stencils, and allusions to his own paintings and sculptures. The artist commented about this interaction in an interview: “I like to repeat an image in another medium to observe the play between the two: the image and the medium. In a sense, one does the same thing two ways and observes differences and sameness—the stress the image takes in different media. I can understand that someone else might find that boring and repetitious, but that’s not the way I see it. I enjoy working with such an idea.” Each monotype informs the next, thus forming part of a narrative chain that reflects Johns’s artistic practice as well as his oeuvre.
On May 3, 2020, 4 p.m., in an event that is part of the Berlin Gallery Weekend, Roberta Bernstein, author and director of the catalogue raisonné, will talk about Jasper Johns’s cycle The 100 Monotypes. To celebrate Jasper Johns’s 90th birthday on May 15, the Museum Barberini, in cooperation with the American Academy, will welcome Adam Weinberg, Director of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, who will discuss Jasper Johns’s work as well as contemporary trends in American art in a talk entitled Jasper Johns and Beyond: Re-Viewing American Art in the 21st Century.
The exhibition is accompanied by a catalogue reproducing all 100 monotypes in large format, with an essay by Judith Goldman exploring the links between the Monotypes series and Johns’s printmaking. Jasper Johns: The 100 Monotypes will be published in the Barberini Studien series by Prestel Verlag.